Posts Tagged ‘1943’

United Kingdom, 3 pence, 1943

June 6, 2011

And now… today’s coin!

United Kingdom, 3 pence, 1943 (KM #849)

Prior to 1937, the British threepence was a tiny silver coin half the size of our dime. With the enthronement of George VI, the Royal Mint also debuted the new brass threepence, which was used up until the retirement of pre-decimal currency in 1971. Mintage of this coin type peaked during WWII. Despite the thickness and heft of the coin, it was only worth 1/80th of a pound (USD $0.020 today).

Mintage: 101,702,000
Metal Nickel-brass
Weight 6.72 g
Diameter 21.65 mm
Thickness 2.55 mm
Engravers Thomas Hugh Paget (obverse)
Francis Madge Kitchener (reverse)
Shape Dodecagonal (12-sided)
Orientation Medal alignment
Demonetized yes


Australia, half penny, 1943 (b)

April 1, 2011

And here’s today’s coin, mate.

Australia, half penny, 1943 (b) (KM #41)

There’s George VI again, twice in a row, only this time he’s paired with a kangaroo. The Australians decimalized in 1967, four years ahead of their UK parents. This coin is 1/480th of an Australian pound, which died with the introduction of the Australian dollar. It has dots on each side of the words “HALF PENNY” which indicate that it was struck at the Bombay Mint in India. This makes sense, as World War II was raging in the Pacific at the time, and Australia was under threat of Japanese attacks. Even though Melbourne also struck Australian coins in ’43, it made sense to move auxiliary production to safer Imperial ground on the subcontinent. Bombay’s mintage of the half penny in ’43 was 6 million.

Metal Bronze
Weight 5.7 g
Diameter 25.6 mm
Thickness 1.3 mm
Engravers Thomas Hugh Paget (obverse)
George Edward Kruger Gray (reverse)
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment
Demonetized yes

United Kingdom, 1 farthing, 1943

April 1, 2011

This counts as the coin for Thursday, March 31st.

United Kingdom, 1 farthing, 1943 (KM #843)

Cool old British coin. it shows George VI, whose reign covered 1936-1952, and served as the monarch of the UK during World War II. The reverse depicts a wren, a common songbird of England. For those you who aren’t familiar with the pre-decimal British coinage, there are 4 farthings in a penny, 12 pence in a shilling, and 20 shillings in a pound. That means that this coin is worth 1/960th of a pound (that’s 0.0010417), or 0.17 cents USD. That’s a very small value. No wonder the farthing denomination was discontinued due to obsolescence, with the final year of mintage in 1954.

Metal Bronze
Weight 2.75 g
Diameter 20.16 mm
Thickness 1.38 mm
Shape Round
Orientation Medal alignment
Demonetized 1960

Vichy France, 1 franc, 1943

March 27, 2011

And here is today’s coin.

Vichy France, 1 franc, 1943 (KM #902.1)

This coin is a companion piece to the Vichy 2 francs featured on March 5th. I’ve always found it interesting that the Vichy government changed that national motto from the revolutionary “liberte, egalite, fraternite” to “travail, familie, patrie”. It illustrates that Petain’s pro-German government stressed loyalty to family and fatherland than to any brotherhood bound by liberty. The message is clear… the state is your friend, and your neighbor isn’t.

Metal is aluminum.
Mintage is unreported.
Weight 1.6 g
Diameter 23 mm
Engraver L.Bazor (obverse)
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment ↑↓
Demonetized yes

Vichy France, 2 francs, 1943

March 5, 2011

Axis money, a little bit of World War II history.

Vichy France, 2 francs, 1943 (KM #904.1)

After the fall of the French Third Republic to invading Nazi forces in 1940, a pro-German government was set up in Vichy. Philippe Petain led France as an effective puppet state of the Third Reich until the French republican government returned from exile in 1945. The Vichy regime minted coins from 1941 to 1944, all in either aluminum or zinc. The lack of mintmark on this coin indicates that it was struck at the mint in Paris. Mintage in 1943 is 3,000 shy of 107 million, making this a common coin.

So far, this is the oldest coin featured here.

Metal Aluminum
Weight 2.2 g
Diameter 27 mm
Thickness 1.7 mm
Engraver L. Bazor
Shape Round
Orientation Coin alignment
Demonetized yes